To resolve the very first pair of research concerns concerning the prevalence of nonheterosexual product on tv, we used episode-level information ( e.g., percentages of episodes containing same-sex behavior that is sexual containing speak about intercourse linked to nonheterosexuals) and chi-square analyses to look at between-group distinctions with your nominal information. For the 2nd group of research concerns, we used only those demonstrates that included nonheterosexual intimate content and evaluated their regularity across 2-minute periods ( e.g., range periods each hour of system time with nonheterosexual intimate talk). For those analyses, we utilized t-tests or analysis of variance (ANOVA) to try team distinctions. Significant omnibus F-tests had been followed up with post hoc comparisons making use of Tamhane’s T2 test, which will not assume equal cellular size or equal variance, to spot significant distinctions across teams.
Prevalence of Nonheterosexual Sexual Information
About one in six programs within our examples included any content that is sexualbehavior or talk) pertaining to nonheterosexuals. Dining Table 1 shows the portion of reveals that contained any same-sex intimate behavior and any intimate talk linked to nonheterosexuals by system genres, by form of community, and also by time of day aired. For system kind, the 11 channels had been categorized into certainly one of three groups: commercial broadcast (including the 3 xlovecam major companies ABC, CBS, and NBC along with Fox, UPN, and WB), cable music activity (including BET and MTV), and premium cable film (including Cinemax, HBO, and Showtime). With regards to period of broadcast, were classified as prime-time day.
Dining Dining Table 1
Note: Within style of system and time of day aired, percentages within the column that is same don’t share subscripts vary at p dining dining Table 1 ). In many instances, there was clearly a higher amount of communication from a genre’s general positions for same-sex behavior that is sexual mention nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas. Also, genres’ standings on these two factors had been fairly stable over the two tv periods.
Three genres had been regularly reduced in both kinds of nonheterosexual sexual content: Children’s cartoons (none of which included behavior that is intimate intimate talk associated with nonheterosexuals in a choice of 12 months), news publications . 3 Genres that had a tendency to have the greatest proportions of programs with nonheterosexual content were variety/comedy and component movie. Made-for-TV films and programs classified as вЂњotherвЂќ additionally had fairly high proportions with nonheterosexual intimate content; nonetheless, both these groups included just a small amount of programs ), which makes it tough to draw conclusions about them. Consequently, we do not highlight the findings associated with them although we include these latter two genres in the tables.
Note: Within types of system and time of day aired, means into the exact same line that don’t share subscripts vary at p 1 For simplicity of presentation, we utilize the term вЂњnonheterosexualвЂќ to refer collectively to any or all people whose sexual orientation is certainly not solely heterosexual, including homosexual men, lesbians, and bisexuals of either intercourse.
2 one other behavior that is sexual ended up being utilized to fully capture other kinds of intimate tasks that would not get into the categories specified flirting, kissing, intimate touching, sexual activity implied, and sexual activity depicted including low-level intimate functions such as for example leering to high-level intimate functions such as for instance masturbation and bondage and control.
4 Because our examples consist of programs from both commercial broadcast and cable systems, we utilized a typical product quantity of 2-minute periods each hour of system time in place of wide range of 2-minute periods per 1-hour show to evaluate the regularity of intimate behavior and speak about sex linked to nonheterosexuals. This makes up the fact commercials considerably lessen the amount of system content on broadcast networks to about 22 two-minute periods in a program that is one-hour whereas 1-hour cable programs routinely have about 30 two-minute periods.